Located at the east of Tiananmen Square, National Museum of China echoes with Great Hall of the People. It is a comprehensive national museum combining history, art, collection, exhibition, research, archeology, public education and culture communication built by reorganizing former Museum of Chinese History and Museum of Chinese Revolution in February 2003 and affiliated to Ministry of Culture of the People’s Republic of China.
In 1953, on the date when Xu Beihong passed away, his wife Liao Jingwen donated their former residence that is located at No. 16, Shoulu Street, Dongcheng District to the country. In the following year, Xu Beihong Museum was built on the basis of his former residence, becoming new China’s first personal museum to honor an artist with Guo Moruo’s inscription “Xu Beihong Museum”. In 1983, the museum was finally opened to the public.
Approved by the government on October 30, 1996, Guanfu Museum was the first private museum established after the foundation of the People’s Republic of China and founded by contemporary famous collector Ma Weidu. In 2004, the museum started to run by a council. The museum stresses the way of its interaction with people and the communication between people and history, bring out a sense of inclusiveness of traditional culture.
As the only national museum that focuses on a specific industry, China Railway Museum was founded in 1978 and was once called Science and Technology Museum of Ministry of Railways and renamed China Railway Museum. It mainly collects, maintains, displays, exhibits, compiles and studies railway cultural relics and scientific achievements.